6) Is There any Historical or Archaeological Evidence That Validates The Bible?

Acts 27-28, the Apostle Paul's shipwreck on Malta. Apostle Paul praising and thanking God as he views the shipwreck.

Because the Bible is a “religious” book and because it contains accounts of numerous supernatural events, many people tend to the view the Bible as a collection of legends rather than a historical narrative. However, both the writers and the recipients of the original texts of the Bible understood and accepted them to be accurate historical accounts, which were based upon eyewitnesses.

For example, of the four New Testament gospels which record Jesus’ life and teachings, Matthew and John were two of Jesus’ disciples. Mark was a close companion of Jesus’ disciple, Peter, and his gospel is regarded to be Peter’s account of Jesus’ life. Luke was a doctor, historian and missionary travelling companion of the apostle Paul, writer of approximately a third of the New Testament and a personal associate of Jesus’ disciples. In the beginning of his gospel, Luke says:

“Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.” (Luke 1:1-4)

If the Bible is indeed a historical narrative, then one would expect to find evidence in ancient historical accounts outside of the Bible. One would also expect to find archaeological evidence that validates the historical content of the Bible. This turns out to be precisely the case! There have been numerous historical and archaeological discoveries which validate the Bible.

In addition, it may also come as a surprise to some that various extra-Biblical accounts of Jesus (written by non-Christians) record that he performed miracles. What is even more fascinating is that some of these accounts were written by Jesus’ opponents who did not deny but rather acknowledged Jesus’ miracles and then tried to explain them away as magic or demonic. (In the Bible, the Jews who did not accept Jesus as the Messiah also acknowledged his miracles but then tried to explain them away as demonic in origin, similar to Jesus’ extra-Biblical opponents (Matthew 12:22-37, John 11:45-53)).

Many unbelievers assume that believing in God or Jesus is like believing in Santa Claus and that it must be taken in blind, unsubstantiated, faith–faith that runs in contradiction to reason or factual evidence. However, the fact is that Christianity is based upon historical fact and runs in perfect harmony with logical reasoning. These mistaken ideas about Christianity and Christians usually arise out of misinformed, false assumptions and, in some cases, bad experiences with various professing Christians or Christendom.

For example, the Mormons (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS)) believe that Jesus, after his resurrection in Israel, visited the Americas. They believe The Book of Mormon is divinely inspired and an accurate historical record of the Native American peoples from about 2500 BC – 400 AD. However, there are numerous anachronisms in the Book of Mormon such as the existence of horses, elephants, cows, goats, pigs, steel, barley, wheat, chariots, silk, iron, swords, etc., in America prior to their actual introduction based upon the historical, archaeological and anthropological records confirmed by scholars, archaeologists and historians. In addition, to date, there has not been a single archaeological discovery that has validated any of the alleged historical records of the ancient American civilizations as recorded in The Book of Mormon.

Furthermore, in the Introduction to The Book of Mormon, readers are encouraged to “pray to see if The Book of Mormon is true”. In other words, Mormons maintain that, in order to ascertain whether or not The Book of Mormon is true (and, by default, historically accurate) one is supposed to pray and receive a “burning in the bosom” or “spiritual witness” that it is true. Thus, Mormons base their faith and the alleged truthfulness of The Book of Mormon upon a subjective feeling and not upon historical and archaeological fact.

In sharp contrast to The Book of Mormon stands The Bible. There have been numerous archaeological discoveries and extra-Biblical historical evidences that confirm the Bible’s accounts of individuals, geography, cultures, architectural structures, customs, governments, nations and events of the Bible.  Furthermore, to date, there has never been a single archaeological discovery that has contradicted anything in the Bible.

For instance, did you know that extra-Biblical sources have confirmed the existence of over 50 different people mentioned in the Old Testament of the Bible? (The Old Testament documents the time period prior to Jesus Christ, and the New Testament documents the history of Jesus and the early church.) Of these 50+ people, we have surviving likenesses of 12 of them (in ancient sculptures, relief carvings, etc.) In addition, did you know that 27 people mentioned in the New Testament have been confirmed through extra-Biblical historical records, of which we have 6 surviving likenesses?

In addition, I will briefly touch on the historical evidence in just 2 of the 27 books in the New Testament, Luke and Acts.  Luke wrote the gospel of Luke, which is an historical account of Jesus’ life, as well as the book of Acts, a historical account of the early church. As an ancient historian, he lists scores of cities, nations, individuals, rulers and places that have all been historically and archaeologically confirmed from sources outside the Bible. Amazingly, in just two verses of Scripture (Luke 3:1-2), Luke lists 22 historical facts that have all been confirmed by extra-Biblical historical references!

For more questions and answers about God, please see “Is God Real?”


For further information about the historical and archaeological evidence for the Bible please see:

Websites:

A website devoted to Biblical Archaeology:

http://www.biblearchaeology.org

An online Bible-archaeology museum, featuring photos and brief descriptions of 50 archaeological finds relating to the Bible:

http://bibleandarchaeology.blogspot.com.au/

A short article citing extra-Biblical accounts of Jesus:

http://www.provethebible.net/T2-Divin/D-0201.htm

 

An article on what archaeology can and cannot do, as well as some of the archaeological discoveries which have refuted skeptics accusations against the Bible:

http://www.provethebible.net/T2-Verac/C-0401.htm

A brief article about Biblical archaeology which also gives a list of books for further study:

http://www.josh.org/resources/study-research/answers-to-skeptics-questions/does-archaeological-evidence-prove-the-bible/

 

Videos:

A webpage that provides various articles and videos on Bible archaeology:

https://www.cbn.com/special/archaeology/

An excellent video that focuses on proving Jesus’ existence through extra-Biblical historical accounts. It cites direct quotes from these authors and also addresses skeptics objections (35:54)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4bLlpiWh9-k

A webpage with links to many videos about the authenticity of the Bible, including those which reference archaeology:

 http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLB9B212FAE4985850

 

Jesus Christ claimed to be God incarnate. The resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead is the greatest single evidence of the existence of God. This video examines the historical evidence for the resurrection of Jesus Christ (46:23). (Start at 6:30 to skip over the personal context of the speaker and go straight to the facts about the resurrection):

The Case for The Resurrection, By Lee Strobel

An excellent documentary about the evidence for Jesus Christ (1:11:31):

The Case for Christ, By Lee Strobel